programminng languages

Top 5 Programming Languages to Learn in 2020

COVID-19 will have profound, long-term consequences for the reallocation of jobs, workers, and capital across firms and locations. “Researchers estimate that 42% of recent pandemic-induced layoffs will result in permanent job loss” said by Steven J. Davis. He is a well known researcher of the University of Chicago Booth School of Business, a leading expert on hiring practices, job loss, and the effects of economic uncertainty.

Computer scientists are among one of those groups which are less affected by COVID-19 in terms of job share and remote work. This blog provide insights for new and experienced developers to explore most wanted programming languages. Due to continuous advancement in technology, most of the developers struggle to catch up and learn latest programming languages that are trending and will have high demand in the future. This blog focuses on the top 5 programming languages in 2020 that will have high demand in the future. The results presented here are based on Stack Overflow Development SurveyGitHub Language Popularity Index and TIOBE Programming Community index for the year 2020.

Stack Overflow Development Survey, 2020

Stack Overflow is the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share​ ​their programming ​knowledge, and build their careers. A survey about popular programming languages was conducted in February, 2020 and about 65000 developers have participated in this survey. According to the results of the survey, JavaScript has maintained its stronghold as the most commonly used programming language for eighth year in a row. Web development core languages HTML/CSS are next to JavaScript. These are the top 5 programming languages according to Stack Overflow:

  1. JavaScript
  3. SQL
  4. Python
  5. Java

GitHub Language Popularity Index, 2020

GitHub is the largest code host in the world, with 20 million users and more than 57 million repositories as of April 2017. GitHub calculates the popularity of programming languages by analyzing the use of languages in GitHub repositories. According to GitHub’s results of Quarter II of Year 2020, JavaScript tops the list of programming languages. Scripting language, Python is at the second place. GitHub’s top 5 programming languages are listed below:

  1. JavaScript
  2. Python
  3. Java
  4. Go
  5. C++

TIOBE Programming Community Index, 2020

The TIOBE Programming Community index is an indicator of the popularity of programming languages. The index is updated once a month. The ratings are based on the number of skilled engineers world-wide, courses and third party vendors. Popular search engines such as Google, Bing, Yahoo!, Wikipedia, Amazon, YouTube and Baidu are used to calculate the ratings. The results presented here are of the month of July, 2020. According to TIOBE, C is the top programming language. The second most popular language is Java. Here is the list of top 5 programming languages from TIOBE:

  1. C
  2. Java
  3. Python
  4. C++
  5. C#


Concluding the results of all three surveys, Python and Java appeared in all three surveys in the list of top 5 programming languages. JavaScript and C++ are among top 5 in Stack Overflow and GitHub surveys. Programming languages like Go, SQL, HTML/CSS, C and C# appeared in the top 5 in single survey. Apart from that all these languages are trending and will have greater demand and job share in the upcoming years.